Our deeds act upon us as much as we act upon them and I am writing this article of help for Somaliland people with whom their rights were deprived by the decisions made by the U.N. Security Council and I am here presenting a different aspect of Somaliland case which provides a clarification on the legal Status of Somaliland in according to the 871st meeting of U.N. Security Council held in New York on the 5th of July 1960 of which Resolution 141 (1960) were adopted unanimously. At this meeting , Somaliland was recognised as partner, co-owner of a new state call Republic of Somalia. Sir Pierson Dixon, Representative of United Kingdom at that time at United Nation reported to the Security Council on Somaliland and Stated as following :
(53. Sir Pierson Dixon United Kingdom: My delegation is happy to share with the delegation of Italy and the delegation of Tunisia the honour of sponsoring the application of the Republic of Somalia for membership in the United Nations. This is an occasion which may well go down to history as unique in the annals of the United Nations. We have on more than one occasion welcomed into the Organization former Trust Territories. We have many times welcomed States which have graduated from dependence to independence. But today we are concerned with the uniting of Somaliland, a former British protectorate-which itself celebrated its independence on 26 June-and Somalia, which has been administered by Italy as a Trust Territory and reached independence on 1 July. On that same day, 1 July, the two independent States of Somaliland and of Somalia freely entered into a solemn partnership: the Republic of Somalia.)
Match has happen during the union ship which caused lost of lives and ensued a legacy of irreconcilable difference between the two states and The partnership created by Somaliland and Somalia was dissolved when Burao congress was convened on 27th April 1991 to reconsider the withdrawal of the act of union and it was unanimously decided to restore as of 18th May 1991 the legal status of state of Somaliland, as it existed as 26 June 1960 and as stated by the 871st meeting of United Nation. An executive Presidential System was adopted by the congress and on the 13th May of 2001 a referendum were held in Somaliland of which 97 percent have re-affirmed Somaliland’s independence and shown in favoring of Somaliland’s sovereignty. In addition to that Somaliland has successfully held Presidential elections, a parliamentary election, and several local elections while Somalia was at war with itself but the unacceptable policy is the decision made by U.N. Security Council of allowing Somalia (former Territory of Italian administration) to fill in and be representative of Republic of Somalia. This action taken by the Security Council is demurring the essence of resolution (141) 1960 which clearly substantiated that the membership seat of U.N. belongs to both countries and it should have been allocate to both countries or restrain it till an amicable solution is reached by both countries. what followed is the misconstrue that propagated in some international arenas to regard Somalia ( former Territory of Italian administration ) as to be the Republic of Somalia. We need to accentuate the importance and elucidate to all international arenas of its differences.
Dear readers, please not that all the international status of the country were achieved under the auspices Republic of Somalia., my question is, if Republic of Somalia is a made up state of which came to exist of the accession of Somaliland & Somalia then, if one withdrawal the unification and terminates the partnership. which country has the right to reside the co-owned membership seats of United Nation, OAU, Arab League and IGAD. It is time for Somaliland to litigate and brought to its case into the international courts.
Again referring to 871 meeting of U.N. Sir. Pierson Dixon of United Kingdom also confirmed that: (127. The other portion of the nation which seeks admission to the United Nations consists of the former British Protectorate of Somaliland which became independent on 26 June.) It is clear that Somaliland was then admitted as member of U.N. but the Security Council have not yet proclaim the recognition of Somaliland as member.
I perceive as bias decision and act of favouritism of one nation to another. It is objectionable policy and an irony to see that U.N. Security Council implementing the deprivation of rights Somaliland. S/PV.871 meeting of U.N. confirms that there was a union of two states and more importantly that Somaliland was an independent state before the union and has entered into treaties with Great Britain during that period which contradicts to the ideas of some people, particularly, in Arabian States who still think of Somaliland as a region seceding from Somalia rather than a former independent state withdrawing from a union of two states.
I am kindly requesting from all the U.N. members to call for attention to deal this matter urgently before it escalates to an enmity level between Somaliland & Somalia which, of course, in the forthcoming future could lead to a warring situation. I believe that Somaliland has the entitlement to be admitted as a member of United Nation as affirmed by paragraph 127 of S/PV.871st Meeting of United Nation of which the Resolution 141 (1960) were adopted.
Mohamed Nageeb Ibrahim
Economic and Politics.